捕鱼大作战

上海沪工阀门厂(集团)有限公司

沪工阀门

上海沪工阀门厂(集团)有限公司

捕鱼大作战 ZHAIYAO:JIESHAOLEGAOYAJIAQINGZHUANGZHIDEGONGKUANGTEXINGJIQIFAMENDEYINGYONGQINGKUANG,ZHONGDIANDUIYINGYONGFAMENDEJIEGOUSHEJI、QIANGDUSHEJI、CAILIAO、JIANCHASHIYANHEZHILIANGKONGZHIWUFANGMIANTICHULEYAOQIU.FENXILEGUOWAIFAMENDETEDIAN,TICHULEWOGUOFAMENXINGYEZAIFAMENSHEJI、ZHIZAODENGFANGMIANDEGAIJINYIJIAN。

关键词闫门加氢装置选用

1 概述

捕鱼大作战 GAOYAJIAQINGGONGYISHISHIYOUSHENJIAGONGDEYIGEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN,TABUJINNENGTIGAODANWEIYUANYOUDEQINGYOUSHOUHUILV。ERQIENENGTIGAORANLIAOYOUDEZHILIANG,CONGERTIGAOLIANYOUCHANGDEZHENGTIXIAOYI。GAOYAJIAQINGZHUANGZHIHAINENGWEISHIYOUHUAGONGZHUANGZHITIGONGYOUZHIDEYUANLIAO,YESHIYOUPINTUOLIUDELIXIANGZHUANGZHI。WOGUOCONG 90 NIANDAIKAISHILEGAOYAJIAQINGZHUANGZHIDEJIANSHE,YUJIJINHOUDEJINIANZHONG,SUIZHEWOGUOLIANWAIYOULIANGDEZHUNIANZENGDUO,GAOYAJIAQINGZHUANGZHIDEJIANSHERENGJIANGSHISHIHUAXINGYEDEYIDAREDIAN,GEDASHIHUAQIYEYEDOUXIANGJIECITIGAOQILIANYOUDESHUIPINGHENENGLI,YIYINGJIEJIARU WTO DETIAOZHAN。

2 工况条件

GAOYAJIAQINGZHUANGZHIDEJIEZHIHUANJINGYOU 2 GETUCHUDETEDIAN,JIGAOYAHELINQING(BINGBANSUILIUHUAQING)CAOZUO。

GAOYACAOZUOBUJINJINSHIYINWEIQICAOZUOYALIGAO(YIBANWEI 14-20 MPa),ERQIEHAIZAIYUQIJIEZHIWEIYIRANYIBAODEGAOYAQITI(QINGQIHUOYOUQI+QINGQI)。GAOYAQITICHUCUNLEJIAODADEYALINENG.YIDANQICHUSHUSHEBEI(BAOKUOGUANDAOFAMEN)SUNHUAI,YINQIDESHIGUJIANGSHIZAINANXINGDE。

捕鱼大作战 LINQINGBINGBANSUILIUHUAQINGCAOZUO。BIAOMINGLEDUICHUSHUSHEBEICAILIAODEKEKEYAOQIU。QINGQISHIYIZHONGNENGSHENTOUDAOJINSHUCAILIAONEIBUBINGZAICHANGWENHUOGAOWENXIAYINQICAILIAOBIANXING(EHUA)DEJIEZHI,CHANGWENXIANENGYINQIJINSHUCAILIAODECUIHUAHEBIANXINGDENG,GAOWENXIANENGDAOZHIJINSHUCAILIAONEIBUHEWAIBUTUOTAN。LIUHUAQINGDUIJINSHUCAILIAODEFUSHIYESHIYIGESHIFENJISHOUDEWENTI,CHANGWENXIATANENGYINQIXUDUOJINSHUCAILIAODEYINGLIFUSHIKAILIE,GAOWENXIATANENGYINQIJINSHUCAILIAODEKUAISUJUNYUNFUSHI。SUOYOUDEZHEIXIETEDIANDOUDUIGAOYAJIAQINGFAMENDECAILIAO、JIEGOUSHEJIHEQIANGDUSHEJIDENGTICHULEYANGEDEYAOQIU。

3 需求情况

高压加氢装置中的阀门捕鱼大作战,既有临氢条件,又有非临氢条件,既有高压条件,又有非高压条件。本文仅讨论高压临氢条件下应用的阀门,这类阀门虽然数量不多,但其价格却占有较大的比例。此类阀门有闸阀、截止阀、止回阀、球阎和旋塞阀,压力等级为 ASME 的 CL900~2500,温度为常温至 400℃,主体材料有 ASTMA105、A182—F11/F22/F321、A216—WCB、A217—WC6/WC9、A351—CF8C,阀门直径为 DN15-400 mm。这些阀门的功能与普通阀门相同,但国内目前尚不具备成套供应的能力,主要原因在于阀门制造厂与用户(尤其是工程设计部门)沟通联系不够,不了解阀门的使用条件和要求,缺少一套与介质条件相适应的技术文件、模具和图纸等,而且缺步工业化批量生产的经验。

捕鱼大作战 KAIFAGAOYAJIAQINGZHUANGZHIZHONGDEFAMEN,BUJINNENGJIANGDIFAMENJIAGE。ERQIEKEJIANSHAOGONGHUOZHOUQI,FANGBIANBUCHONGDINGHUO,TONGSHIYOUNENGTUIDONGFAMENXINGYEDEFAZHAN。SHISHISHANG,WOGUOMUQIANYIXIEFAMENZHIZAOCHANGYIJUBEISHENGCHANGAOYAJIAQINGFAMENDENENGLIHETIAOJIAN,ERQIEZAIJIAQINGJINGZHIZHUANGZHI(CAOZUOYALI 8~10 MPa)SHANGYIYOUCHENGGONGDEYINGYONG。

XINGNENGLIANGHAODEFAMEN,QISHEJI、ZHIZAO、JIANCHASHIYANJIZHILIANGKONGZHIDENGGEGEFANGMIANHEGEGEHUANJIEDOUZUODEBIJIAOHAO。BENWENYIQIZHONGDEJIGEZHUYAOWENTI(BAOKUOFAMENDENEILOU、WAICHAN、QIANGDUSHEJI、CAILIAO、JIANCHASHIYANJIZHILIANGKONGZHI),JIEHEGAOYAJIADONGZHUANGZHIDEJIEZHITIAOJIANJINXINGTANTAO。

4 内漏和外蒋的控制

FAMENNEILOUHEWAILOUKONGZHIDEHAOHUAISHIFANYINGFAMENPINZHIDEYIGEZHONGYAOCANSHU,ZHIZAOCHANGJUNCAIQUGEZHONGCUOSHIYIJINLIANGJIANSHAOFAMENDENEILOUHEWAILOU。YOUPINHEQINGQIDEWAILOUHENEILOUBUJINHUIWURANHUANJING,HAIYIYINQIHUOZAIHUOBAOZHA。FAMENDENEILOUZHUYAOFASHENGZAIZHABANCHU,WAILOUZHUYAOFASHENGZAIFAGANTIANLIAOHEFAGAIDIANPIANCHU,GUYAOHUODELIANGHAODEMIFENGXINGNENGJIUYAOCONGZHEI 3 CHUZHESHOU。

4.1 填料密封外漏

DUI DN ≥ 50mm DEZHAFAHEJIEZHIFA,ZAIFAGANMIFENGCHUCAIYONGROUXINGSHIMOHUANHEROUXINGSHIMOBIANZHITIANLIAOSHIGUOWAIFANZAOCHANGDEPUBIANZUOFA。QIZHONGTIANLIAODEZUISHANGQUANHEZUIXIAQUANCAIYONGROUXINGSHIMOBIANZHIHUAN,YILIYONGQIQIANGDUJIAOGAO(YUMOYASHIMOHUANXIANGBI)DETEDIANZUZHISHIMOBEIJIRUFAQIANGHUOYANWAI,ZHONGJIANZECAIYONGMOYASHIMOHUAN(YOUSHIYEZAIZHONGJIANSHIDANGDEWEIZHIZENGSHEBIANZHIHUAN)。YOUYUROUXINGSHIMODELIUDONGXINGHAO,YOUJIANMOXING,TONGSHISHIMOHAIJUYOULIANGHAODEWULIHEHUAXUEWENDINGXING,YINCIYONGTAZUOWEITIANLIAOJIKEHUODELIANGHAODEMIFENG,YOUKEJIANSHAODUIFAGANDEMOSUN。DUIYUTIANLIAOHANCHICUNJIAOXIAODEQIUFA、XUANSAIFAHEXIAOKOUJINGDEZHAFAHEJIEZHIFA,ZEJINYONGROUXINGSHIMOBIANZHITIANLIAOJIKE。

TIANLIAOZAIZHUANGTIANGUOCHENGZHONGJINXINGYUYASUOYESHIBAOZHENGLIANGHAOMIFENG(YOUQISHIZHANGQILIANGHAOMIFENG)DECUOXUANZHIYI。GUONEIDEFAMENZAITIANLIAOZHUANGTIANGUOCHENGZHONGDADUOSHUJINXIANYUYASHITIANLIAO,GUQIMIFENGXINGSUIYINGYONGSHIJIANZENGZHANGERBIANCHA。GUOWAIMOUXIEYANMENCHANPINZAITIANLIAOZHUANGTIANGUOCHENGZHONGCAIYONGLE 28 MPa DEYUYALI,QIESHEJILEZHUANYONGDEYUYASUOGONGJU,YINCITANENGWEICHIJIAOZHANGSHIJIANDELIANGHAOMIFENG。DANGRAN,TIANLIAODEYUYALITAIDA,JIANGZENGJIADUIFAGANDEMOSUN,ZENGJIAFAMENDEKAIQILI,YINCICISHIYINGZAITIANLIAOXUANZEHEFAGANBIAOMIANCHULISHANGJINXINGGAIJIN。CAIYONGYIROUXINGSHIMOHUANWEIZHUDETIANLIAOKEJIANSHAOFAGANDEMOSUN,TONGSHIYEKEJIANGDIFAMENDEKAIQINIUJU。

HAIYOUYIXIEFAMENZAITIANLIAOYAGAICHUCAIYONGLE“HUOZAI”JIEGOU。JIZAITIANLIAOYAGAIDELUOSHUANSHANGZENGSHEDIEHUANG,SHITIANLIAOYAGAISHIZHONGZUOYONGYUTIANLIAOSHANGJIAODADEYALI,CONGERKEFANGZHIYINYAGAIPIAOSHUANSONGCHIHUOTIANLIAOSONGCHIERZAOCHENGDEWAILOU。

4.2 垫片密封外漏

捕鱼大作战 DUI DN ≥ 50mm DEZHAFA、JIEZHIFAHEZHIHUIFA,KECAIYONGYALIMIFENGFAGAI。ERDUIYUQIUFA、XUANSAIFA(DUOWEIXIAFAGAI)HE DN ≤ 40mm DEZHAKUO、JIEZHIFAHEZHIHUIFA,YIBANCAIYONGFALANLIANJIEFAGAI。YALIMIFENGKUOGAIDEMIFENGYOU 2 CHU,QIYIWEIYUGAIYUHUANDIANPIAN(TU 1)DEJIECHUCHU,QIERWEIHUANDIANPIANYUFATIDEJIECHUCHU。GUOWAIDEYIXIEFAMENCHANPIN,JIANGHUANDIANPIANYUFAGAIDEJIECHUMIANSHEJICHENGBIANJIAODUYUANHUGUODUMIAN,SHITAYUFAGAIDEMIFENGWEIXIANMIFENG,CONGERXIANZHUTIGAOLEQIYANMIXING,DANTAZENGJIALEHUANDIANPIANDEJIAGONGNANDU。HAIYOUJIANGHUANDIANPIANBIAOMIANJIXIANGYINGDEFATIMIFENGMIANDUSHANGYICENGYIN,YINWEIYINDESUXINGJIAOHAO,RONGYITIANCHONGMIFENGMIANSHANGDEWEIGUANKONGXI,YINCIDADATIGAOLEFAGAIDIANPIANCHUDEMIFENGXINGNENG。

(图1)压力密封阀盖的环垫片
图 1 压力密封阀盖的环垫片

捕鱼大作战 DUIYUFALANLIANJIEFAGAIJIEGOU,DADUOSHUZHIZAOSHANGCAIYONGLECHANRAOSHIDIANPIAN,YINWEICHANRAOSHIDIANPIANDANXINGHAO,HUIDANLVGAO,ZAIBAOZHENGWENDINGXINGDEQINGKUANGXIAGENGRONGYIBAOZHENGMIFENG。YUCHANRAOSHIDIANPIANXIANGPEIDEFAGAIMIFENGCAIYONGLEXIANGSHIJIEGOU,JIJIANGDIANPIANZHIYUFAGAIYUFATIXIANGJIEDETEZHICAONEI,CONGERBAOZHENGLECHANRAOSHIDIANPIANDEWENDINGXING(JIBUHUIYINJIAODADEMIFENGBIYAERSHIDIANPIANSHIWEN),TONGSHIYOUZENGJIALEJIEZHIXIELOUDEZULI。SHISHIZHENGMING,ZHEIYANGDEMIFENGJIEGOUBIJIAOHAO。

4.3内漏

①闸阀

GUONEIWAIGEZHIZAOCHANGDEZHABANJIEGOUSHEJISHANGWUTAIDADECHABIE,YIBAN DN ≤ 40mm DEZHAFACAIYONGXIEXINGZHENGTIZHABAN,ER DN ≥ 50mm DEZHAFAZECAINAOXINGXIEXINGZHABAN。ZHIYAOMIFENGMIANJIAGONGJINGDUDADAOYAOQIU,ZHEIZHONGJIEGOUKEYIMANZUCHUQIMIFENGYAOQIU。DANSHIYONGZHEXIWANGFAMENNENGGOUBAOCHIZHANGJIUDELIANGHAOMIFENG。YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,CHUQIMIFENGRONGYIZUODAO,ERYAOZUODAOZHANGQIMIFENGLIANGHAOZESHIYIJIANBURONGYIDESHIQING。ZHEILIJICHU 2 GEGAIJINDAOZIGONGCANKAO。QIYISHINULITIGAOZHABANDAOGUIDEJINGDU,SHITAYUZHABANBAOCHIJIAOXIAODEPEIHEJIANXI,YIJIANSHAOZHABANYUFAZUODEBUJUNYUNMOSUN,CONGERBAOZHENGJIAOZHANGDEMIFENGSHOUMING。DAOGUIYIBANSHIYUFATIZHENGTIZHUZAODE,ERQIEBURONGYIJINXINGJIJIAGONG,GUYUZHABANDEPEIHEJIANXIJIAODA,JIANYIZHIZAOCHANGJIYUZHEIFANGMIANDEGUANZHU。QIERSHIKAOLVZHABANHEFAZUOXIABUDEFUSHI。YINWEIDANGFAMENCHUYUBANKAIBANGUANDEWEIZHISHI,HUIXINGCHENGGAOSUDEJIEZHILIU,TAJIANGDUIJIEZHILIUJINGDEQUYUCHANSHENGYANZHONGDECHONGSHUA,YOUYOUYULIUHUAQINGYUJINSHUDEFUSHICHANWUFUZHELIHENDI,JIYIBEIGAOSUJIEZHICHONGZOU,CONGERJIASULEJINSHUDEFUSHI,JIXINGCHENGCHONGSHUAFUSHI。FANGZHICHONGSHUAFUSHIDECUOSHIKECONGXUANZELIANGHAODECAILIAORUSHOU,JIZAIXIANGYINGDEBUWEISHANGDUIHANHESHIDEYINGZHIHEJINCAILIAO。YIXIEZHIZAOCHANGCHULEZAIMIFENGMIANSHANGDUIHANYINGZHIHEJINWAI,HAIZAIZHABANHEFAZUODEXIABUYIDINGFANWEINEIYEDUIHANLEYINGZHIHEJIN,YIFANGZHIFEIMIFENGMIANDECHONGSHUAFUSHI,ZHEIYANGZUOSUIYUFAMENDEMIFENGXINGGUANXIBUDA,DANDUIFAMENZHENGTILAISHUOYOUYI。

②截止阀

捕鱼大作战 SHOUXIANYAOBAOZHENGFABANYUFAZUODEJIAGONGJINGDUYIHUODEYIGELIANGHAODECHUQIMIFENG。ZAIFANGCHONGSHUAFUSHIFANGMIAN,GUOWAIMOUZHIZAOSHANGCAIYONGLEJIETISHIFABANJIEGOU(TU 2),JIZAIFAMENKAIQIHUOGUANBIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,FABANSHANGDEFEIMIFENGTAIJIESHOUXIANXINGCHENGJIAOXIAODELIUDAO,YICHENGSHOUCHONGSHUAFUSHI,ERFABANHEFAZUODEMIFENGMIANZEBUZAIZHIJIECHENGSHOUCHONGSHUAFUSHI,HUOHUANJIELEQICHONGSHUAFUSHIDECHENGDU。

(图2)截止阀阶梯式阀瓣
1.阀座;2.阀瓣
图 2 截止阀阶梯式阀瓣

③球阀

YINGCAIYONGPIANXINHUOQITAWUMOCADEQIUTIJIEGOUJIJINSHUDUIJINSHUDEMIFENGXINGSHI。ZHEISHIYINWEIGAIJIEGOUMIFENGKEKAOXINGGAO,HUOZAIANQUANXINGHAO,WUMOCA,YANZHANGLEFAMENDEYOUXIAOSHOUMING。

④旋塞阀

GUOWAIYIBANCAIYONGDAOZHUIXINGPINGHENGSHIFAXIN(JIXUANSAI)JIEGOU(TU 3)。YIBAN CL ≤ 300 DENGJICAIYONGJIXIEPINGHENGSHIJIEGOU,CL ≥ 600 DENGJICAIYONGYALIPINGHENGSHIJIEGOU,JINENGBAOZHENGLIANGHAODEMIFENG,YOUKEJIANSHAOMIFENGMIANJINSHUDEMOSUN。GUOWAIMOUZHIZAOCHANGZEZAICIJICHUSHANGDUIXUANSAIJINXINGLEPENSUCHULI,CONGERJIESHENGLEDINGQIZHUMIFENGJIDEWEIHUGONGZUOLIANG。

(图3)倒锥形压力平衡式旋塞阀
1.阀体;2.旋塞
图 3 倒锥形压力平衡式旋塞阀

5 阀门强度设计

FAMENDECHENGYABUJIANDOUYINGJINXINGQIANGDUFENXIHEQIANGDUSHEJI,ZHEIXIEBUJIANZHUYAOBAOKUOFATI、FAGAI、ZHABANHEFAGAILUOSHUANDENG。DUIJIEZHIFALAISHUO,YOUSHI(GENJUJIEGOUBUTONG)SHANGXUDUIFAZUOJUBUJINXINGQIANGDUZHIHE。ERZUOWEIFEICHENGYABUJIANDEFAGANYESHIBIXUJINXINGQIANGDUSHEJIDEYIGEZHONGYAOBUJIAN。SUOWEIDEQIANGDUSHEJIYINGBAOKUOQIANGDUHEGANGDU 2 BUFEN。

捕鱼大作战 GUOWAIYIXIEZHUYAODEFAMENGUIFANRU ANSIB16.34 HE API600 DOUJICHULEFAMENZHUYAOLINGBUJIANDEZUIXIAOBIHOU(ZHIJING),GUONEIDEYIXIEZHIZAOCHANGDOUZHIJIECAIYONG(HUOLVEDAYU)ZHEIXIEGUIFANZHIZUOWEISHEJICHICUN,BINGQIEBUZAIJINXINGQIANGDUSHEJI。ZHEIYANGZUOSHIBUYANGEDE,YINWEI①FAMENDENEIJIANJIEGOUBUTONG,FASHANGQIANGDEJIEGOUCHICUNBUTONG,YINCIQIJISUANBIHOUYEBUTONG。FAMENDEWAIGUANJIEGOUYOUQISHIWAIXINGTUBIANCHUDECHULIBUTONG,QIJISUANYINGLIZHIYOUQISHIYINGLIJIZHONGDESHUIPINGYEBUTONG,ZUIZHONGYEKENENGDAOZHIJISUANBIHOUBUTONG。②DADUOSHUFATIWEIZHUJIAN,ERYELIANTIAOJIANJIAOCHA,YUANCAILIAOLAIYUANFUZADEFAMENCHANG,QIZHUJIANCAILIAODEXINGNENGCHABIEJIAODA。ZHUJIANCAILIAODEXINGNENGYOUYUQIBENSHENDEZHUZAOQUEXIAN(RUPIANXI、ZHIJINGZUZHI、JIAZA、QIKONG、SHUSONGHELIEWENDENG)YOUGUAN,ERQIEQIFUBIANHUAJIAODA,CONGERZAOCHENGQIANGDUJISUANDEJICHUSHUJU(RUXUYONGYINGYONG)DECHAYIJIAODA。③BUTONGDEYINGYONGHUANJING,QIFUSHIQINGKUANGBUTONG,YINGKAOLVDEFUSHIYULIANGBUTONG。YOUYUZHEIXIEYINSUDEYINGXIANG,DUIYUGAOYALINQINGFAMENLAISHUO,DUIQIYOUGUANDELINGBUJIANJINXINGQIANGDUHE/HUOGANGDUJISUANJIUXIANDESHIFENBIYAO,YINWEISHAOYOUCHACUO,KENENGHUIDAILAIYANZHONGDEHOUGUO。

MUQIANGUONEIDADUOSHUFAMENCHANGJUNCAIYONGSHUXUEFENXIFAJINXINGFAMENDEQIANGDUHE/HUOGANGDUJISUAN。ZHEIZHONGFANGFAJIFEILIYOUFEISHI,JISUANJINGDUYEBIJIAOCHA,YOUQISHIDUIYULINGBUJIANDEXINGZHUANGTUBIANCHU,TABUNENGJINGQUEDIQIUCHUQIYINGLISHUIPING。ERGUOWAIDEDADUOSHUFAMENCHANGDOUCAIYONGLEYOUXIANYUANFENXIFA,TAJIKUAIYOUJINGQUE。DUIYUGAOYAQIEYAOQIUKEKEDEFAMENLAISHUO,CAIYONGYOUXIANYUANFAJINXINGLINGBUJIANDEQIANGDUHE/HUOGANGDUFENXISHIBIYAODE。

6 材料

GAOYAJIAQINGZHUANGZHIDECAOZUOTIAOJIANBUJINDUICAILIAODEKEKAOXINGYOUJIAOGAODEYAOQIU,ERQIEQIJIEZHI(RUQINGQIHELIUHUAQING)BENSHENDUICAILIAOXINGZHIYEYOUJIAOGAODEYAOQIU,JIJIEZHIDUICAILIAOBENSHENCUNZAIDEQUEXIANBIJIAOMINGAN。RUGUOCAILIAOZHONGYOUFEIJINSHUJIAZA、JIAZHA、QIKONG、LIEWENDENGBULIANXUQUEXIAN,RONGYIDAOZHIQINGQIDEJIJU,CHANGWENXIAHUIYINQIXINGCHENGDEJUBUGAOYAERYINQIQINGBIANXING,SHENZHIYOUFAWEILIEWEN,TONGSHIYEHUISHICAILIAOCUIXINGEHUA(QINGCUI)。GAOWENXIA,ZHEIXIEQUEXIANGENGLIYUQINGZHINEIBUTUOTANDEJINXING,CONGERJIAKUAICAILIAOQINGFUSHIPOLIEDEJINCHENG。ERLIUHUAQINGJIEZHIZEDUICAILIAODEWAIBUBULIANXUQUEXIANBIJIAOMINGAN,YOUQISHIZAISHILIUHUAQINGHUANJINGXIA,WAIBUDEBULIANXUQUEXIANWANGWANGCHENGWEIYINGLIFUSHIKAILIEDEYOUYIN。YINCI,JIANSHAOHUOXIANFANFAMENCHENGYABUJIANZHONGDEQUEXIANSHIBAOZHENGQIKEKAOXING,YANZHANGQISHIYONGSHOUMINGDEGUANJIANYINSUZHIYI。

FAMENCHENGYABUJIANDEZHIZAOFANGFAYOUZHUZAOHEDUANZAO 2 ZHONG。DUANZAOJIANBUCUNZAIQIKONG、SHUSONG、DACHICUNYUANXINGJIAZA、ZHUZHUANGZUZHIHEZHIJINGZUZHIDENGQUEXIAN,ERQIEJINSHUZHIMI,ZONGHEJIXIEXINGNENGHAO,KEKAOXINGGAO,YINCIDUANZAOSHISIZAOGAOYAJIAQINGAMENCHENGYABUJIANDELIXIANGFANGFA。DANKAOLVDAODADUOSHUCHENGYABUJIANDEWAIXINGBIJIAOFUZA,ERQIETAMENZHONGYOUHENDUOCHAOGUOLEYIBANMODUANDECHICUN,GUGUONEIWAIDADUOSHUFAMENCHANGDUIYU DN>50 mm FAMENDEZHUYAOCHENGYABUJIANRENGCAIYONGZHUJIAN。WEILEBAOZHENGZHUJIANZHILIANG,YINGCONGYELIAN、ZHUZAOGONGYIHEHANBU 3 GEZHUYAOFANGMIANJINXINGKONGSI。YELIANDUICAILIAOPINZHIDEYINGXIANGSHIZUIJICHUDEYINGXIANGYINSU。BUTONGDEYELIANFANGFA,DEDAODECAILIAOPINZHICHABIEYEBIJIAODA。MUQIANGUONEIFAMENCHANGPUBIANCAIYONGDIANLUYELIAN,ERGUOWAIDEDADUOSHUFAMENCHANGZECAIYONG VOD HUO AOD YELIANFANGFA。VOD/AOD YUDIANLUYELIANXIANGBI,QIYOUYIHEJINYUANSUSHAOSUNSHAO,CAILIAOCHENGFENGENGRONGYIJIEJINLIXIANGZHUANGTAI,ERQIETUOQIXINGHAO,YOUHAIZAZHIYUANSUSHAO,GUHUODEDECAILIAOPINZHIYEJIUBIJIAOGAO。ZHUZAOGONGYISHIYINGXIANGCAILIAOXINGNENGDEGUANJIANYINSU,TASHEJIDAOLEZHUMOCAILIAOXUANZE、MUMOWAIMOXINGSHEJI、JIAOZHUWENDUKONGZHIHEJIAOZHUFANGFAXUANZEDENGFANGMIAN。ZONGZHI,YOULIYUGAISHANZHUJIANZHILIANGDEZHUZAOGONGYIRUJINGMIZHUZAO、YALIZHUZAOHEZHENKONGJIAOZHUDENGYINGZUOWEIFAMENZHIZAOCHANGJINHOUDEFAZHANFANGXIANG。

HANPOSHICHULIZHUJIANQUEXIANDEYIZHONGBUJIUCUOSHI。DADUOSHUZHUJIANDOUSHIXUYAOHANBUXIULIDE,RUGUOQUEXIANCHAOBIAOJIUJIYUBAOFEI,JIANGHUIZENGJIAFAMENDESHENGCHANCHENGBEN。DANMEIGEFAMENDEHANPOSHULIANG、HANBUMIANJIHEHANPOCISHUDENGYINGYOUXIANZHI,YINWEIHANBUQUDEJINSHUBUTONGYUZHUZAOJINSHU,HANBUSHULIANGYUEDUO,HANBUMIANJIYUEDA,ZAOCHENGZHUZAOJINSHUDEBUJUNYUNXINGYUEYANZHONG,CONGERDAOZHICAILIAODEZONGHEXINGNENGXIAJIANG。MEICIHANBUDOUXIANGDANGYUJIZHUJIANYICIJIARE,ERDUOCIDUIZHUJIANJIAREHUIJITADAILAIYIXILIEBULIDEYINGXIANG,GUFAMENDEHANBUCISHUYEYINGYOUSUOXIANZHI。ASTM GUIFANZHONGDUIZHUZAOCAILIAODEHANBUTICHULEYIDINGDEYAOQIU,DANQIYAOQIUPIANDI,GUOWAIDADUOXIAOFAMENZHIZAOSHANGDEZHUJIANHANBUKONGZHISHUIPINGJUNBI ASTM GUIDINGDEYANGE。SHIJISHANG,ZHUJIANHANBUDEKONGZHIHAIFANYINGLEZHUJIANCAILIAODEZHILIANGYUSHENGCHANCHENGBENZHIJIANDEPINGHENGGUANXI,YINCIGUANJIANHAISHIYAOTIGAOZHUJIANDEZHUZAOZHILIANG,JINLIANGJIANSHAOZHUZAOQUEXIAN。

7 检查与试验

FAMENDEQIANGDU(SHUIYA)SHIYAN、MIFENGSHIYANJIBIYAODEWUSUNTANSHANGSHIHENGLIANGFAMENSHIFOUHEGEDEBIYAOTIAOJIAN,DANJINGBUSHIHENGLIANGYIGEFAMENHAOHUAIDECHONGFENTIAOJIAN,ZHISHAODUIGAOYAJIAQINGFAMENLAISHUO,TAMENSHANGBUNENGWANQUANFANYINGYIGEFAMENDEZONGHEPINZHI。YIFAMENDEMIFENGWEILI,YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,ZHIYAOBAOZHENGMIFENGJIANDEJIJIAGONGJINGDU,JIURONGYITONGGUOLENGTAIXIADEGONGCHANGMIFENGSHIYAN,DANTABINGBUDAIBIAOFAMENZAIZHANGQISHIYONG(YOUQISHIZAIGAOWEN、GAOYAGONGZUOGONGKUANG)TIAOJIANXIAYENENGBAOCHILIANGHAODEMIFENG。YIDANFAMENBUJIANCHUXIANMOSUN、FUSHI、YINGLISONGCHI、BIANXINGHECAILIAOBIANXINGDENGWENTI。JIANGHUIYINGXIANGDAOFAMENDEMIFENGXINGNENG,YANZHONGSHIHUISHIMIFENGSHIXIAO。ERBUJIANJINSHUZUZHIDEWENDINGXINGHEJUNYUNXING、BUJIANJIEGOUZAOCHENGDEJUBUYINGLISHUIPINGDENG,DOUHUICONGMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGYINGXIANGDAOCAILIAODEFUSHI、YINGLISONGCHI、BIANXINGHEBIANXINGDENGWENTI。ERCAILIAODEZHEIXIEWENTIDOUSHIWUSUNTANSHANGHELENGTAIXIADEYALISHIYANWUFAJIANCHADE。

DUIYUYIBANJIEZHISHANGYINGYONGDEZHONGDIYAFAMENLAISHUO,SHANGSHUDEWENTIKENENGBUCUNZAIHUOZHEBUTUCHU,ERDUIGAOYALINQINGTIAOJIANXIAYINGYONGDEFAMEN,ZHEIXIEWENTIJIANGSHIBUKEHULVEDE。YINCI,DUIGAOYALINQINGYONGFAMEN。YINGDUIQIJINXINGQUANFANGWEIDEJIANCHASHIYAN。YOUYUFAMENCHENGYALINGBUJIANDECAILIAOPINZHI(YOUQISHIZHUJIANCAILIAO)DUIFAMENDESHIYONGSHOUMINGYINGXIANGJIAODA。GUJIUCHENGYAZHUJIANDEJIANCHASHIYANZUOJINYIBUTAOLUN。

ZHUJIANCAILIAODEPINZHIZHUYAOQUJUEYUQISHENGCHANGUOCHENG(RUYELIANGONGYI、ZHIZAOGONGYIDENG),ERDUIQICHANPINJINXINGDEGEZHONGJIANCHASHIYANJINJINSHIDUIQIPINZHIKAOHEDEYIZHONGSHOUDUAN,TABINGBUNENGGAIBIANCAILIAODEPINZHI。YINCI,FAMENLINGBUJIANZAIKAISHIGONGYESHENGCHANQIANJINXINGXITONGDE、KEXUEDEGONGYIPINGDINGJIUXIANDEYOUWEIZHONGYAO。ERGONGYIPINGDINGZHONGDEZHILIANGDINGWEIYOUZHIJIEJUEDINGLECAILIAO(CHANPIN)DEPINZHI。JIETAIGAOYAJIAQINGZHUANGZHIDEJIEZHITEDIAN,ZAICITICHUQIZHUYAOCHENGYALINGBUJIANZAIGONGYESHENGCHANQIANYINGJINXINGDEGONGYIPINGDINGXIANGMU。

捕鱼大作战 ①WAIGUANJIANCHA YINGAN MSSSP-55 SUOLIEXIANGMUZHUXIANGJIANCHA。

捕鱼大作战 ②HUAXUECHENGFENFENXI BAOKUOLUQIANFENXIHECHANPINFENXI,YOUQIYINGGUANZHUYOUHAIZAZHIYUANSU(RULIU、LIN、SHEN、TI、QINGHEANDENG)DEFENXI。HUAXUECHENGFENFENXIYINGANXIANGYINGDE ASTM BIAOZHUNJINXING。

③JIXIEXINGNENGSHIYAN BAOKUOLASHENSHIYAN(TONGSHICESHICHULASHENQIANGDU、QUFUQIANGDU、YANSHENLVHEJIEMIANSHOUSUOLV,BINGJINXINGDUANKOUFENXI)、WANQUSHIYAN、CHONGJISHIYANHEYINGDUJIANYANDENG。JIXIEXINGNENGSHIYANYINGANXIANGYINGDE ASTM BIAOZHUNJINXING。

捕鱼大作战 ④HONGGUANZUZHIJIANYAN BAOKUOQIKONG、LIEWEN、SHUSONG、YANGZHA、DACHICUNFEIJINSHUJIAZAWU、LIULINPIANXIDENGQUEXIANDEJIANYAN。JIANYANAN ASTME381 DENGBIAOZHUNJINXING。

捕鱼大作战 ⑤WEIGUANZUZHIJIANCHA BAOKUOPIANXI、TIAO(GUI)ZHUANGZUZHI、ZHIJINGZUZHI、JINGLIDU、XIAOCHICUNFEIJINSHUJIAZAWUDENGQUEXIANDEJIANYAN。DUIAOSHITICAILIAO,HAIYINGBAOKUOTIESUOTIHANLIANGDECEDING。JIANYANAN ASTME38l/E45/E112 DENGBIAOZHUNJINXING。

捕鱼大作战 ⑥WUSUNJIANCHA BAOKUO RT、UT、MT、PT DENGJIANCHA。BINGJICHUSHIYIDEHEGEZHIBIAOHEHEGELVKONGZHIZHIBIAO。WUSUNJIANCHAYIFENBIEAN MSSSP—54、ASTMA388、ASTMAA275、ASTMB165(Practice B)BIAOZHUNJINGXING。

⑦JINGWENFUSHISHIYAN JINDUIAOSHITIBUXIUGANGCAILIAOCAIYOUCIYAOQIU。SHIAN ASTME262(Practice E)BIAOZHUNJINXING。

⑧HANJIEXINGNENGSHIYAN BAOKUOLASHEN、WANQU、CHONGJI、YINGDUHEWUSUNTANSHANGJIANYAN。

捕鱼大作战 ⑨FATIBAOPOSHIYAN YETIBAOPOSHIYANAN ANSTB31.2 BIAOZHUNJINXING。ZAIMANZUYIDINGKONGZHIZHIBIAODEQINGKUANGXIA,TONGGUOGONGYIPINGDINGERQUEDINGDEGONGYICANSHUCAINENGZUOWEISHENGCHANCANSHU,BINGZAIGONGYESHENGCHANZHONGYANGEZHIXING,CAINENGHUODEMANZUGAOYALINQINGYINGYONGTIAOJIANDEGAOPINZHIFAMEN。

8 质量控制

捕鱼大作战 GUOCHANFAMENDEZHILIANGWENTIGENGDUODESHICHUXIANZAIGUANLISHANG。YINWEIZHONGGUODEZHONGDUOZHIZAOYEZHEZAICHANPINZHIZAODEMEIGEGONGXUSHANGBINGBUSHIDOUYOUYIGEJUTIDE、XIANGJINDEERQIEQIESHIKEXINGDEZUOYEGUICHENG,JISHIYOULEZHEIYANGYIGEGUICHENG,YEBUNENGBAOZHENGMEIGEGONGZUORENYUANDOUBUZHEBUKOUDEJIEGUICHENGZUOYE。ZHENGYINWEIRUCI,CAIDAOZHILEXUDUOGUOCHANCHANPINDEZHILIANGBURUGUOWAICHANPIN。MUQIAN,GUONEIDADUOSHUFAMENCHANG,DOUQUDELE ISO9000 DEZHILIANGRENZHENG,TACONGMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGQIANGHUALEFAMENSHENGCHANGUOCHENGDEZHILIANGGUANLI。DANSHI,HAIYAOZHONGSHIJISHUWENJIANDEJIANLI,YINWEICHANPINDEXIANJINYUFOUZHUYAOQUJUEYUJISHUWENJIANDEXIANJINXING。

9 结语

YINGXIANGFAMENZHILIANGDEYINSUJIAODUO,YAOSHENGCHANCHUGAOPINZHIDEFAMEN,BIXUZAIGEGEFANGMIANDOUYAOZUOHAO。SHIZHIXINXISHIDAI,FAMENZHIZAOCHANGYEYINGZOUCHUQU,DUOYUWAIJIEJINXINGJIAOLIU,YUYONGHU(BAOKUOGONGCHENGSHEJIBUMEN)JINXINGJIAOLIU。LEJIECHANPINXUYAO,LEJIEFAMENDESHIYONGJIEZHIGONGKUANG,ZHIYOUZHEIYANG,CAINENGSHENGCHANCHUSHIHEDECHANPIN,CAINENGYINGDESHICHANG。YUGUOWAIFAMENSHENGCHANSHANGJIAOLIU。KEYILEJIEXIANJINJISHUHEXINCHANPIN,BINGYONGYUGAIJINWOMENDECHANPIN。


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